• Crimes against the person refers to offenses where bodily harm or threats of bodily harm are involved.
  • There are a large number and variety of crimes against the person, as defined by state and federal statute.

A Broad General List of Crimes Against the Person:
Because crimes against the person are defined by state and federal statute, they may vary significantly. A partial list would include, but not be limited to, the following:

Homicide offenses – homicide is actually not one specific offense but a category of offenses referring to the death of one person by one or more persons.

  • Murder – when a life is take with express or implied malice aforethought. Malice aforethought refers to deliberately and intentionally taking the life of another.
  • Voluntary manslaughter – where a life is taken, in many jurisdictions provoked by excitable passion.
  • Manslaughter – when one person kills another without deliberation or malice.
  • Kidnapping – when force, intimidation or deception is used to restrain, confine or transport another.
  • False imprisonment – confining and/or detaining another without the victim’s consent and without legal authority.
  • Sexual assault – sexual conduct by one person upon another without the victim’s consent.
  • Assault –  intentionally placing another in reasonable apprehension of immediate bodily harm or attempting to use physical force against another
  • Aggravated assault – assault involving a deadly weapon.
  • Battery – the willful use of force upon another without the victim’s consent
  • Domestic violence offenses – physical harm by one household family member upon another – often involving spouses.
  • Harassment – an intentional pattern of conduct intended to annoy, alarm or terrorize another, likely to cause emotional distress.
  • Stalking – conduct or a pattern of conduct in which the victim is threatened, followed, harassed or otherwise placed in fear of their safety.
  • Hate crimes – an offense of harm motivated by the offender’s bias, which may include bias against a religion, race, group, disability, ethnicity or those of a particular sexual orientation.
  • Injury to pregnant women –  commission of a felony in which the conduct is likely to result in miscarriage or stillbirth

Crimes Against Children

Crimes against children are included in the general group of crimes against the person. Crimes against children may include any of the offenses described above - in addition to other offenses proscribed by statute - and generally pertains to children under 16 (the age may vary according to jurisdiction). Federal crimes against children include:

  • Kidnapping
  • International parental kidnapping
  • Sex trafficking of children or by force, fraud or coercion
  • Aggravated sexual abuse
  • Sexual abuse of a minor or ward
  • Sexual exploitation of children
  • Selling or buying of children
  • Transportation of minors


Penalties vary according to the offense, history of the defendant and other factors. In North Carolina, felonies are divided by classes and include the following:

  • Class A – death or life imprisonment
  • Class B – life imprisonment
  • Class C – 50 years or life imprisonment, or fine, or both
  • Class D – 40 years or fine, or both
  • Class E – 30 years or fine or both
  • Class F – 20 years or fine or both
  • Class G – 15 years or fine or both
  • Class H – 10 years or fine or both
  • Class I – 5 years or fine or both
  • Class J – 3 years or fine or both
  • Misdemeanor – fine, imprisonment not to exceed 2 years, or both, by court discretion.

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Michael S. Berg
Attorney At Law