According to the FBI, property crime refers to burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft and arson, where property is stolen or attempted to be stolen from the victim, but where force or threat of force is not a factor.
Property crimes are reported, analyzed and categorized by the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting Program. Burglary is defined as the “unlawful entry of a structure to commit a felony or a theft.” Force does not have to be used to gain access or entry into a “structure” in order for the crime of burglary to occur.
There are three subcategories of burglary:
- Forcible entry
- Unlawful entry without force
- Attempted forcible entry
- House trailer or houseboat – when used as a permanent dwelling
- Railroad Car
The specific definition of larceny-theft, as reported by the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting Program (UCR):
When property is unlawfully taken, carried, lead or ridden away from the constructive or actual possession of the owner without force or violence.
Examples of larceny thefts:
- Shoplifted items
- Auto parts
- Items that are stolen by pick-pocketing
- The larceny may be an attempted larceny
Motor Vehicle Theft
Motor vehicle theft includes the actual or attempted theft of a motor vehicle, according to the UCR. Numerous vehicles fall within this category, including:
Vehicles that travel on land (rail vehicles are excluded)
- Motorcycles and motor scooters
- All terrain vehicles
Arson is the willing or malicious burning or attempted burning of:
- A dwelling
- Public building
- Motor vehicle
- Personal property
There does not need to be the intent to defraud to be considerd arson.